10 Types of Cyber Attack

In Cyber Security, there are many cyber attacks that happens in daily. here Indian Cyber Security Solutions explains to you the 10 Types of Cyber Attack.

10 Types of Cyber Attack

What is a malware attack?

A malware attack occurs when cybercriminals construct malicious software that is installed on another person’s device without their knowledge in order to obtain access to personal information or damage the device, typically for financial benefit. Malware comes in many forms, including viruses, spyware, ransomware, and Trojan horses.

Malware assaults can happen on any device or operating system, including Microsoft Windows, macOS, Android, and iOS.

Types of malware attacks

Malware attacks appear to be becoming more sophisticated by the year. Because malware is frequently difficult to detect, and devices are frequently infected without the user’s knowledge, it can be one of the most serious risks to your personal information and identity that you must be aware of.

The following are some of the most frequent types of malware assaults, as well as the cybersecurity risks they pose.

  • Exploit kit
  • Malicious websites and drive-by-downloads
  • Malvertising
  • Man-in-the-middle (MitM) attack
  • Man-in-the-browser (MitB) attack

 

 

2.Phishing Attack:-

What Is Phishing?

Phishing is the practise of delivering fake messages that appear to be from a credible source. It is normally done by email. The intention is to steal sensitive data such as credit card and login details, or to install malware on the victim’s PC. Phishing is a widespread sort of cyber assault that everyone should be aware of in order to stay safe.

How does phishing work?

Phishing begins with a phoney email or other communication intended to entice a victim. The communication is designed to appear to have originated from a reliable source. If the victim is duped, he or she is coerced into revealing private information, which is frequently on a fraudulent website. Malware is sometimes downloaded onto the target’s PC.

 

3.Password Attack:-

Password attack:-

Password breaches are among the most common types of corporate and personal data breaches. A password attack occurs when a hacker attempts to acquire your password. In 2020, compromised credentials were responsible for 81% of data breaches. Passwords are becoming less secure as they can only contain a limited amount of letters and numbers. Because hackers are aware that many passwords are badly crafted, password attacks will continue to be a method of attack as long as passwords are utilised.

Protect yourself from password attacks with the information below.

  • Phishing
  • Man-in-the-middle attack
  • Brute force attack
  • Dictionary attack
  • Credential stuffing
  • Keyloggers

 

4.Man-in-the-middle Attack:-

What is MITM attack

A man in the middle (MITM) attack occurs when a perpetrator inserts himself into a dialogue between a user and an application, either to eavesdrop or to mimic one of the parties, giving the impression that a normal exchange of information is taking place.

An attack’s purpose is to steal personal information such as login credentials, account information, and credit card numbers. Users of financial apps, SaaS enterprises, e-commerce sites, and other websites that require signing in are typical targets.

Information obtained during an attack could be utilised for a variety of objectives, such as identity theft, unauthorised financial transfers, or unauthorised password changes.

 

5.SQL Injection:-

What is SQL Injection(SQLi)

SQL injection is a web security flaw that allows an attacker to meddle with database queries made by an application. It generally enables an attacker to examine data that they would not otherwise be able to retrieve. This could include data belonging to other users or any other data that the programme has access to. In many circumstances, an attacker can alter or remove this data, resulting in long-term modifications to the application’s content or behaviour.

 

SQL Injection(SQLi) examples

There are a wide variety of SQL injection vulnerabilities, attacks, and techniques, which arise in different situations. Some common SQL injection examples include:

  • Retrieving hidden data
  • Subverting application logic
  • UNION attacks
  • Examining the database
  • Blind SQL injection

 

6.Denial-of-service attack:-

What is a denial of service attack (DoS) ?

A Denial-of-Service (DoS) attack is one that attempts to bring a machine or network to a halt, rendering it unreachable to its intended users. DoS attacks achieve this by flooding the target with traffic or providing it information that causes it to crash. In all cases, the DoS attack deprives genuine users (workers, members, or account holders) of the service or resource they anticipated.

DoS attacks can be classified into two types: flooding services and crashing services. Flood attacks occur when the system receives too much traffic for the server to buffer, causing it to slow down and then stop. Among the most common flood attacks are:

  • Buffer overflow attacks
  • ICMP
  • SYN flood

 

7.Insider Threat:-

What Is an Insider Threat

An insider threat is a security risk that originates within the organisation being targeted. It usually involves a current or former employee or business colleague who has access to sensitive information or privileged accounts on an organization’s network and abuses that access.

Traditional security solutions are often focused on external threats and are incapable of detecting internal dangers emerging from within the business.

Types of insider threats include:

  • Malicious insider
  • Careless insider
  • A mole

 

8.Cryptojacking:-

Cryptojacking meaning & definition

Cryptojacking is a sort of cybercrime that includes hackers using unapproved devices (computers, cellphones, tablets, or even servers) to mine for bitcoin. The aim is profit, like with many forms of cybercrime, but unlike other threats, it is designed to remain fully hidden from the victim.

What is cryptojacking?

Cryptojacking is a threat that infiltrates a computer or mobile device and then mines cryptocurrency with its resources. Cryptocurrency is a type of digital or virtual money that comes in the form of tokens or “coins.” The most well-known cryptocurrency is Bitcoin, but there are roughly 3,000 different types of cryptocurrency, and while some cryptocurrencies have stepped into the physical world via credit cards or other projects, the vast majority remain virtual.

 

9.Zero-day:-

Meaning and definition

“Zero-day” is a general word that refers to newly revealed security flaws that hackers can exploit to attack systems. The term “zero-day” alludes to the fact that the vendor or developer has only recently discovered the issue, implying that they have “zero days” to patch it. A zero-day attack occurs when hackers exploit a weakness before engineers have time to fix it.

Zero-day is sometimes known as 0-day. The terms vulnerability, exploit, and attack are frequently used in conjunction with zero-day, and it is important to grasp the distinction:

A zero-day vulnerability is one that is discovered by attackers before the vendor is aware of it. Because suppliers are ignorant, there is no patch for zero-day vulnerabilities, making assaults more likely to succeed.

A zero-day exploit is a tactic used by hackers to attack systems that have a previously unknown vulnerability.

A zero-day attack is the use of a zero-day exploit to cause damage to or steal data from a vulnerable system.

 

 

10.Watering hole attack:-

What is a watering hole attack?

A watering hole attack is a type of security exploit in which the attacker attempts to compromise a specified group of end users by infecting websites that the group is known to visit. The purpose is to infect the computer of a targeted person and get access to the network at the target’s workplace.

The term “watering hole attack” is derived from hunting. Rather than tracking its prey over a long distance, the hunter predicts where the prey will go, most typically to a body of water (the watering hole), and waits there. The hunter attacks when the prey approaches to him of its own will, frequently with its guard down.

Source link

Read More